Ekaterinburg – the Urals Сapital.
Ekaterinburg is the third largest city in Russia, the administrative center of Sverdlovsk Region and the capital of the Urals. It is also the fourth largest city in terms of its population (after Moscow, St. Petersburg and Novosibirsk). Sverdlovsk region is one of the most developed regions in Russia, it is rich in minerals and raw materials. The main industries are heavy engineering and metallurgy. Sverdlovsk Region is located in a politically stable territory free from ethnic conflicts. It is easy to find Ekaterinburg on the geographical map of the Euro-Asian continent. The city is situated in the middle of the Ural Mountains, which separate Europe from Asia. The Europe-Asia Monument located 25 km to the West of the city, marks the border between the two continents. Thus, Ekaterinburg is at the crossroads of two continents, which determines its political, economic and cultural peculiarities. Ekaterinburg is the capital of the Ural Federal District, the territory of which is approximately 2 million km2. The territory is rich in oil, gas, iron and polymetallic ore deposits. Due to its great industrial and intellectual potential, the Ural Region is the place, where the world's largest metallurgical enterprises are located. Ekaterinburg exports raw materials and products of heavy engineering, and imports food and consumer goods. The city has created favorable environment for investments and business development. Ekaterinburg, as well as Sverdlovsk Region, is located in the time zone, designated by the international standard as Ekaterinburg Time Zone. The offset relative to UTC is +5: 00. The time zone difference between Ekaterinburg and Moscow is +2 hours. There is a one hour difference between Ekaterinburg time and the local standard time, because daylight-saving time is observed on the territory of the Russian Federation.
History of the city.
The birth of Ekaterinburg was neither spontaneous nor accidental. Its foundation is associated with the names of the closest companions of Peter the Great – V.N. Tatishchev and G.V.de Genin The place for construction was identified in early January 1721: it perfectly suited for construction of an iron-making plant. The forested land was rich in ore and water resources. Two waterways started from here: the first along the Chusovaya River to the European part of Russia and the second along the Iset River to Zauralie (Trans-Urals) and further to Siberia. Therefore, in spring 1723 by the order of the Russian Emperor Peter the Great, construction of the largest in Russia iron-making plant began on the banks of the Iset River..
Places of interest
There are many places of interest in Ekaterinburg. The city presents a unique mixture of architectural, historical and cultural heritage. There are more than 60 monuments of history and culture in the city, 43 of them are considered as national monuments because of their special significance. That is why Ekaterinburg can be declared as "the most historical city in Russia". At present, Ekaterinburg is one of the largest industrial centers. Its enterprises produce industrial goods for heavy engineering and for military purposes. Ekaterinburg is not a very old city: its history counts only 295 years, but it is unique because from here the Russian industry started to develop. Besides it has a unique geographical position. Unfortunately nowadays very few of its old buildings are preserved. The oldest one (built in 1764) is located in the Historical Park of the city, but it was also reconstructed. The historical center of Ekaterinburg is the dam on the Iset River, where in the 18th century a metallurgical plant was constructed. Now there is a museum of the Urals industry and modern art in its place. Literary Quarter is situated just a few minutes’ walk from the Iset River Embankment. It is a quiet romantic place among the noisy streets, along which you can stroll past the houses, which are indicative of the Urals wooden architecture. For theater lovers there is the Opera and Ballet Theater on the main street of the city. It was built in the beginning of the 20th century in classic style. There is also Sverdlovsk Philharmonic Hall, where those who are fond of music may enjoy organ recitals or listen to symphony and jazz orchestras. Every evening many other city theaters open their doors for spectators. Besides, there is a Circus with a unique roof shaped as a huge lacy dome, under which world-class performers demonstrate their unique abilities. The same kind of a flowing concrete dome designed by the famous architect Niemeyer can be found only in Brazil. Opposite the circus there is a magnificent arboretum with a variety of plants from all over the world. Also there is a zoo where you can simultaneously meet a polar bear, a hippopotamus and other exotic animals. The city is famous for its buildings designed in the rare style of constructivism developed in the 1920s: the Hotels “Bolshoy Ural” and “Iset”, the White Tower, the house on Kultury Boulevard, the film studio, the Chekist Town, the former House of Culture Named after Dzerzhinsky (nowadays the Sverdlovsk Regional Local Lore Museum) and other buildings. During winter holidays, which start from the New Year, the city residents and guests can see the Ice Town on the main square - a whole town made of ice, inside which there are attractions and ice sculptures.
Since Ekaterinburg is close to Siberia and far from the Atlantic Ocean, its climate is continental. Compared to the western part of European Russia which is located at the same geographical latitude, winters in the Urals are longer and colder, temperature differences between day and night are much larger, and humidity is lower.
The places to stay in Ekaterinburg.
If you are planning to visit Ekaterinburg, then it might be useful to book accommodations before you come, because cheap and comfortable rooms in mini-hotels are sold out very quickly. We recommend you not to delay with the choice of the hotel and use the services of Booking.com, which offers more than 500 hotels in Ekaterinburg. You can choose a hotel using a variety of filters: star rating, type (hotel, apartment, villa, hostel, etc.), cost, location, ratings of people who visited the hotel, the availability of Wi-Fi, etc.